Acupuncture has been used for thousands of years by several differing cultures. Today it is mainly associated with traditional Chinese medicine where evidence of its use goes back some 2000 years with the writing of the first book to accurately record the needle points.
However, there is evidence of its use within other cultures earlier than this. The Papyrus Ebers are an Ancient Egyptian medical treatise which also indicates the use of acupuncture like treatments. (read more)